Semuliki National Park is located in a remote part of Western Uganda. It is one of Uganda’s newest National Parks, designated in 1993. It is 194 km2 and contains East Africa’s only lowland tropical rainforest. It is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in Africa. Semuliki National Park lies on Uganda’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Rwenzori Mountains are to the south-east of the park, while Lake Albert is to the north. The park lies within the Albertine Rift, the western arm of the East African Rift.
The park borders the Semuliki and Lamia Rivers, which are watering places for many animals. The park has two hot springs in a hot mineral encrusted swamp. One of the springs – Mumbuga spring – resembles a geyser by forming a 50cm high fountain. These hot springs attract a large number of shorebirds and they are a source of salt for many animals.